Chapter 2. COUNTERMOBILITY FUNDAMENTALS. This chapter provides a standard classification and a detailed discussion of existing and reinforcing. Full text of “FM Countermobility” Countermobility support is divided into mine warfare and obstacle development, each with an ultimate goal of delaying, . FM Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 14 March C O U N T E R M O B I L I T Y. he foundation for engineer doctrine in .
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Countermobility on the Battlefield
The goal of engineer countermobiity is to provide a comprehensive report on the passability of march routes. The charge is tamped with material twice as thick as the pavement. Demolition obstacles are created by the detonation of explosives, including nuclear explosives. Local civilian material of strategic or tactical value should be denied the enemy, particularly if he is critically short of some items and requires the local items for further operations.
Lower values of slope or smaller trees, steps, ditches, and so on, will severely slow the enemy’s movement. In arid regions, dry stream channels maybe preferred avenues for movement during periods of little or no flow.
Results of tests on crossing rectangular ditches in various soil types are shown below. By varying the type, design, and location, the enemy’s understanding and breaching of our obstacle system is made more difficult. Weather effects Although streams are normally small and slow during periods of low precipitation, and large cluntermobility rapid during periods of high precipitation, the relationship is not always this simple.
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In some cases, permafrost may be as difficult to blast as solid rock. Adequate information river studies, special maps is commonly available on large streams, but generally not for the small streams. Some typical uses of demolition obstacles are:.
At the same time, fires serve to protect the obstacle by making it costly to breach or bypass. The combination of soft or slippery soils, and even slight slopes, will stop many countermobi,ity.
The ability to evaluate terrain and properly assess its obstacle value provides a significant advantage to the commander who does it well. The threat uses smoke and supporting indirect fire as necessary to assist the OOD in accomplishing required tasks. In this role, POZs will perform as they do in offensive combat and emplace mines in accordance with the overall defensive plan. Using the same example, if a rapidly advancing enemy force can be couuntermobility most effectively by blocking a major route with rubble from destroyed countermkbility, such action would not be prohibited by the Law of War.
FM 5-102 Countermobility
In the threat view, a delay at a major water obstacle can jeopardize the success of an entire offensive operation in conventional combat, and is certain to destroy large forces massed for the crossing during a nuclear war. Route and site preparation Route preparation of approaches to crossing points will follow the same procedures as in the approach march.
The demolition guard commander is also responsible for security, preparing the obstacle, and giving the order to arm and execute the obstacle once the counterobility to execute has been received.
Cuts have similar significance. Obstacles should not impede our own mobility; or, if they do, they should cuontermobility reserved targets or scatterable mines with a self-destruct time coordinated to future maneuver plans.
Charges must be placed immediately upon withdrawal of the steam point, otherwise the area around the hole thaws and plugs it. As has been noted, threat offensive combat is predicated upon mobility, high rates of advance, surprise, and secrecy, and the close coordination of all arms. Ease of crossing these rivers is determined by the width, depth, velocity, turbulence, bank and bottom conditions, rapid tactical bridging available, and existing bridges.
In some cases, they are used to extend natural obstacles or create obstacles or obstacle systems in countermobiltiy country. Comments should identify the area in which the change is recommended.
Such machinery can be damaged or destroyed by removing or contaminating the lubricants. Each linear charge may be 5-12 to any desired length by connecting 2-meter sections together with threaded collars.
Engineers assist in fitting these and plow-roller combinations KMT-5s commonly used countetmobility minefield reconnaissance.
FM Countermobility – Chptr 1 Countermobility On The Battlefield
Scatterable mines significantly reduce manpower requirements associated with mine warfare. Continuous direct fire should cover the ditch and force the enemy to deploy before reaching the ditch. If countermobilit, ice and snow can be exploited to create effective obstacles. Countermobility support is divided into mine warfare and obstacle development, each with an ultimate goal of delaying, stopping, or channelizing the enemy. Best results will be obtained if the charges on the friendly side are fired while the earth moved countermobiity the first row is still in the air.
Since transformer stations form the heart of transmission systems, they are usually the most suitable denial targets for disrupting power service with the least effort. Areas identified as favorable are xountermobility those which would detract from the maneuver of the combined arms teams, and be considered vital for mine employment in order to deny the enemy commander tactical initiative.
Another means of lane improvement entails mine clearing tanks dragging a variable length of explosive line charge. A good analysis of the terrain in the areas of influence and interest should answer the following questions:. Basic production data of estimated construction times is shown for a 1.