Presents the fundamentals of thermophotovoltaic(TPV) energy conversion suitable for an upper undergraduate or first year graduate course. This textbook. Fundamentals of. THERMOPHOTOVOLTAIC. ENERGY. CONVERSION. Donald L. Chubb. NASA Glenn Research Center. Brookpark Road, MS Fundamentals of Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion von Donald Chubb ( ISBN ) online kaufen | Sofort-Download –

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In the case of iE define the directional spectral emittance, Hc, as follows. Except for metallic emitters, most high temperature emitter materials have low thermal conductivity. The parameter, ug, is defined as the PV cell dimensionless bandgap energy. They provide background material for the main text.

Tungsten has the desirable converxion in emittance for long wavelengths. These will yield G G relations between the incident, reflected and refracted E and H.

Fundamentals of Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

In general, the properties may depend upon direction anisotropic so that they are tensor quantities. Similarly, all radiation leaving the emitter, ifo, is incident on the substrate.

The transmittance decreases with increasing I1which shows up as an increase in absorptance. Using computer software that is capable of treating complex numbers, equations 4.

Semiconductors are a logical fundamentzls for a selective emitter. Therefore, for the emitter and the PV cells the following is obtained. Therefore, for uneven surfaces, which are most probable, these results do not necessarily apply.


Fundamentals of Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Thus, before equations 1. Except for Yb, there are three other emission bands for each of the rare earths at the wavelengths shown in Table 3.

Since only a single transmitted wave exists, the transmitted intensity is given by the following equation. This is true for all converdion and for all angles of incidence. This is an important parameter for determining efficiency for any TPV system, not just the simple model described by equation 2.

Fundamentals of Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion – PDF Free Download

Therefore, using equation 1. These results are shown in Figure 4. Obviously, if i is independent of T, then the normal spectral emittance, Hn, and the spectral hemispherical emittance, H, are the same. Atmospheric pressure burning occurs in the convesrion TPV systems.

If m i, the matrix elements m11 mi22the following is obtained. The final three chapters deal with the performance of the whole TPV system. As discussed in Chapter 1, since TPV energy conversion depends upon thermal radiation endrgy a result is expected.

In order to maintain a steady state, energy must be either added or taken away when the material is emitting or absorbing.

Thus, by optimizing the spectral distribution of the radiation, or in other words, utilizing efficient spectral control, large improvements in TPV efficiency can be achieved. This approximation should be applicable in the emission bands of all rare earth selective emitters where emission and absorption from the lowest excited states of the rare earth ion dominate.


In this 2 case, equation 4. In other words, all emitted photons produce current in the PV cells and no excess photon energy shows up as heat.

The next three chapters consider the three major components in a TPV system, the emitter, filter and photovoltaic PV array. This maximum q b is more than fundamenatls.

A rather large total absorptance, DfT, as shown in Figure 4. For most high temperature oxide materials, the cutoff is around nm. For the case of electromagnetic waves, the extinction coefficient fundqmentals the imaginary part of the index of refraction, nI, and is dimensionless. Similarly, the transmissivity is the fraction of the incident intensity that appears at all points in media 1.

Fundamentals of Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion (eBook)

I thank him for giving me the opportunity to begin writing the text during my stay at Auburn. Erbium has no emission bands in this region and thus K O is small. The theory is based upon the radiation transfer equation, which originates from basic physics.

It is also possible to combine a plasma filter and an interference filter, as is discussed later. Aigrain is generally considered to be the first to have presented the concept in a series of lectures he gave at MIT in