Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) is a protocol developed by Cisco which provides high RFC , which are defined in Finding Feature Information; Information About FHRP – HSRP MIB; How to to RFC , which are defined in In computer networking, the Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) is a Cisco proprietary redundancy protocol for establishing a fault-tolerant default gateway. Version 1 of the protocol was described in RFC in

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HSRP is not intended as a replacement for existing dynamic router discovery mechanisms and those protocols should be used instead whenever possible. A single router elected from the group is responsible for forwarding the packets that hosts send to the virtual router.

This field identifies the standby group. It contains the amount of time that the current Hello message should be considered valid. The time is given in seconds. On a particular 281, multiple hot standby groups may coexist and overlap.

When comparing priorities of two different routers, the router with the numerically higher priority wins. Version 2 of the protocol introduces stability, scalability and diagnostic improvements. 22281 from ” https: For each standby group, a single well-known MAC address is allocated to the group, as well as an IP address. If the active router fails, the standby router takes over as the active router.

If a router sends a Hello message, then receivers should consider that Hello message to be valid for one Holdtime. The router is currently forwarding packets that are sent to the group’s virtual MAC address. A router cannot enter Speak state unless it has the virtual IP address. This state is entered via a configuration change or when an interface first comes rcc.


HSRP gateways send multicast hello messages to other gateways to notify them of their priorities which gateway is preferred and current status active or standby. The virtual IP address used by this group. This can be useful for dual branch routers each with a single link back to the gateway. HSRP is not a routing protocol as it does not advertise IP routes or affect the routing table in any way. It is not compatible with hsp 1 HSRP. For other media values between 0 and inclusive are hsrl.

In the case of routers with equal priority the router with the higher IP address wins. It contains the approximate period between the Hello messages that the router sends. HSRP provides failover services to those hosts. The router knows the virtual IP address, but is neither the rfx router nor the standby router.

Solved: hsrp and rfc – Cisco Community

For Token Ring, values between 0 and 2 inclusive are valid. This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat Cisco protocols First-hop redundancy protocols.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If the link of the primary router goes down, the backup router hrp take over the primary functionality and thus retain connectivity to the gateway.

HSRP, Hot Standby Router Protocol

Each standby group emulates a single virtual router. If the standby router fails 22281 becomes the active router, another router is elected as the standby router. This field contains a clear text 8 character reused password. Views Read Edit View history. This is the starting state and indicates that HSRP is not running.

This field is only meaningful in Hello messages.

Another router is elected as the standby router. HSRP has the ability to trigger a failover if 2218 or more interfaces on the router go down.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Harp. This set is known as an HSRP group or a standby group. In the event that the active router fails, the standby assumes the packet forwarding duties of the active router. If the virtual IP address is not configured on a router, then it MAY be learned from the Hello message from the active router. To minimize network traffic, only the active and the standby routers send periodic HSRP messages once the protocol has completed the election process.

There is no RFC for version 2 of the protocol. The router is a candidate to become the next active router and hsr periodic Hello messages. The router has not determined the virtual IP address, and not yet seen an authenticated Hello message from the active router.

Hot Standby Router Protocol

In this state the router is still waiting to hear from the active router. If the Holdtime is not configured on a router, then it MAY be learned from the Hello message from the active router.

This field describes hsr current state of the router sending the message. The router sends periodic Hello messages. This router is known as the active router. It listens for Hello messages from those routers.

Although an arbitrary number of routers may run HSRP, only the active router forwards the packets sent to the virtual router.